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Utvikling av verdensrekorden på maraton

Lignende saker

I helgen var Kelvin Kiptum bare 36 sekunder unna å bryte den magiske to timers-grensen under Chicago Marathon.

Publisert 9. oktober 2023 i Løp/friidrett

Maratondistansen i friidrett var lenge betraktet som en b-øvelse der eldre løpere, over toppen av sine karrierer, skviste ut det siste før de la opp. Den tiden er nå forbi.

Etter at den 23 år gamle kenyaneren Kelvin Kiptum løp inn til tiden 2.00.35 er det ikke lengre spørsmål om noen vil klare å løpe under 2 timer i et offisielt maraton, men et spørsmål om når.

Om det skyldes inntoget av yngre talenter som tidligere retter seg spesifikt inn mot maraton, eller om det er de stadig bedre skoene som gjør at det går fortere er ikke godt å si, men nå er det bare 36 sekunder igjen til den magiske 2-timers grensen.

Her er en oversikt over utviklingen i verdensrekorden på maraton de siste 115 årene:

Time Name Nationality Date Event/Place Source Notes
2:55:18.4 Johnny Hayes  United States July 24, 1908 London Olympics, England IAAF[53] Time was officially recorded as 2:55:18 2/5.[54] Italian Dorando Pietri finished in 2:54:46.4, but was disqualified for receiving assistance from race officials near the finish.[55] Note.[56]
2:52:45.4 Robert Fowler  United States January 1, 1909 Yonkers,[nb 5] United States IAAF[53] Note.[56]
2:46:52.8 James Clark  United States February 12, 1909 New York City, United States IAAF[53] Note.[56]
2:46:04.6 Albert Raines  United States May 8, 1909 New York City, United States IAAF[53] Note.[56]
2:42:31.0 Henry Barrett  United Kingdom May 8, 1909[nb 6] Polytechnic Marathon, London, England IAAF[53] Note.[56]
2:40:34.2 Thure Johansson  Sweden August 31, 1909 Stockholm, Sweden IAAF[53] Note.[56]
2:38:16.2 Harry Green  United Kingdom May 12, 1913 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF[53] Note.[61]
2:36:06.6 Alexis Ahlgren  Sweden May 31, 1913 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF[53] Report in The Times claiming world record.[62] Note.[61]
2:38:00.8 Umberto Blasi  Italy November 29, 1914 Legnano, Italy ARRS[10]
2:32:35.8 Hannes Kolehmainen  Finland August 22, 1920 Antwerp Olmpics, Belgium IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] The course distance was officially reported to be 42,750 meters/26.56 miles,[63] however, the Association of Road Racing Statisticians estimated the course to be 40 km.[31]
2:29:01.8 Albert Michelsen  United States October 12, 1925 Port Chester Marathon, United States IAAF[53] Note.[64][65]
2:30:57.6 Harry Payne  United Kingdom July 5, 1929 AAA Championships, London, England ARRS[10]
2:26:14 Sohn Kee-chung Japanese Korea March 21, 1935 Tokyo, Japan ARRS[10] Also romanized as Kitei Son.
2:27:49.0 Fusashige Suzuki  Japan March 31, 1935 Tokyo, Japan IAAF[53] According to the Association of Road Racing Statisticians, Suzuki’s 2:27:49 performance occurred in Tokyo on March 21, 1935, during a race in which he finished second to Sohn Kee-chung (sometimes referred to as Kee-Jung Sohn or Son Kitei) who ran a 2:26:14.[66]
2:26:44.0 Yasuo Ikenaka  Japan April 3, 1935 Tokyo, Japan IAAF[53] Note.[67]
2:26:42 Sohn Kee-chung Japanese Korea November 3, 1935 Meiji Shrine Games, Tokyo, Japan IAAF[53] Also romanized as Kitei Son. Note.[67]
2:25:39 Suh Yun-bok  Korea April 19, 1947 Boston Marathon IAAF[53] Disputed (short course).[68] Disputed (point-to-point).[69] Note.[70]
2:20:42.2 Jim Peters  United Kingdom June 14, 1952 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] MarathonGuide.com states the course was slightly long.[71] Report in The Times claiming world record.[72]
2:18:40.4 Jim Peters  United Kingdom June 13, 1953 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] Report in The Times claiming world record.[72]
2:18:34.8 Jim Peters  United Kingdom October 4, 1953 Turku Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:17:39.4 Jim Peters  United Kingdom June 26, 1954 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF[53] Point-to-point course.[citation needed] Report in The Times claiming world record.[73]
2:18:04.8 Paavo Kotila  Finland August 12, 1956 Finnish Athletics Championships, Pieksämäki, Finland ARRS[10]
2:15:17.0 Sergei Popov  Soviet Union August 24, 1958 European Athletics Championships, Stockholm, Sweden IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] The ARRS notes Popov’s extended time as 2:15:17.6[10]
2:15:16.2 Abebe Bikila  Ethiopia September 10, 1960 Rome Olympics, Italy IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] World record fastest marathon run in bare feet.[74]
2:15:15.8 Toru Terasawa  Japan February 17, 1963 Beppu-Ōita Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:14:28 Leonard Edelen  United States June 15, 1963 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF[53] Point-to-point course.[citation needed] Report in The Times claiming world record and stating that the course may have been long.[75]
2:14:43 Brian Kilby  United Kingdom July 6, 1963 Port Talbot, Wales ARRS[10]
2:13:55 Basil Heatley  United Kingdom June 13, 1964 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF[53] Point-to-point course.[citation needed] Report in The Times claiming world record.[76]
2:12:11.2 Abebe Bikila  Ethiopia October 21, 1964 Tokyo Olympics, Japan IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:12:00 Morio Shigematsu  Japan June 12, 1965 Polytechnic Marathon IAAF[53] Point-to-point course.[citation needed] Report in The Times claiming world record.[77]
2:09:36.4 Derek Clayton  Australia December 3, 1967 Fukuoka Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:08:33.6 Derek Clayton  Australia May 30, 1969 Antwerp, Belgium IAAF[53] Disputed (short course).[78]
2:09:28.8 Ron Hill  United Kingdom July 23, 1970 Edinburgh Commonwealth Games, Scotland ARRS[10]
2:09:12 Ian Thompson  United Kingdom January 31, 1974 Christchurch Commonwealth Games, New Zealand ARRS[10]
2:09:05.6 Shigeru So  Japan February 5, 1978 Beppu-Ōita Marathon ARRS[10]
2:09:01 Gerard Nijboer  Netherlands April 26, 1980 Amsterdam Marathon ARRS[10]
2:08:18 Robert De Castella  Australia December 6, 1981 Fukuoka Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:08:05 Steve Jones  United Kingdom October 21, 1984 Chicago Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:07:12 Carlos Lopes  Portugal April 20, 1985 Rotterdam Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:06:50 Belayneh Dinsamo  Ethiopia April 17, 1988 Rotterdam Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:06:05 Ronaldo da Costa  Brazil September 20, 1998 Berlin Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] First time the 40K mark was passed under two hours (1:59:55).[79]
2:05:42 Khalid Khannouchi  Morocco October 24, 1999 Chicago Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:05:38 Khalid Khannouchi  United States April 14, 2002 London Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] First «World’s Best» recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations.[80] The ARRS notes Khannouchi’s extended time as 2:05:37.8[10]
2:04:55 Paul Tergat  Kenya September 28, 2003 Berlin Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] First world record for the men’s marathon ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations.[81]
2:04:26 Haile Gebrselassie  Ethiopia September 30, 2007 Berlin Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10]
2:03:59 Haile Gebrselassie  Ethiopia September 28, 2008 Berlin Marathon IAAF,[53] ARRS[10] The ARRS notes Gebrselassie’s extended time as 2:03:58.2.[10] Video on YouTube
2:03:38 Patrick Makau  Kenya September 25, 2011 Berlin Marathon IAAF,[82][83] ARRS[84]
2:03:23 Wilson Kipsang  Kenya September 29, 2013 Berlin Marathon IAAF[85][86] ARRS[84] The ARRS notes Kipsang’s extended time as 2:03:22.2[84]
2:02:57 Dennis Kimetto  Kenya September 28, 2014 Berlin Marathon IAAF[87][88] ARRS[84] The ARRS notes Kimetto’s extended time as 2:02:56.4[84]
2:01:39 Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya September 16, 2018 Berlin Marathon IAAF[89]
2:01:09 Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya September 25, 2022 Berlin Marathon IAAF[90]
2:00:35 Kelvin Kiptum  Kenya October 8, 2023 Chicago Marathon

De 20 raskeste maratonløpene gjennom historien:

Alle resultater fra Chicago Marathon

verdensrekorden på maraton
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